The terminal is being designed to handle pipeline-quality crude oil predominately from the Bakken formation in North Dakota.
Based on calculations from the state of California and the Washington Department of Ecology, Bakken crude oil has about 30 percent fewer carbon emissions than the average crude oil refined in Washington state. Additionally, the use of Bakken crude oil reduces carbon emissions by 1.5 million tons per year, equal to removing 250,000 vehicles from the road annually.
*Calculations based on data from Washington Department of Ecology and California Air Resources Board.
Bakken crude oil is a light, sweet crude oil and significant improvements have been made to verify and control the amount of lighter hydrocarbons it contains. In April 2015, the North Dakota Industrial Commission (NDIC) implemented a rule that requires crude oil produced in the state to be treated to a vapor pressure lower than the federal standard.
The American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers and North Dakota Petroleum Council have both found, through independent analysis, that Bakken crude oil does not pose risks that are significantly different than other light crude oils or flammable liquids authorized for rail transport.